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1. Extracted from the files of Elizabeth Hyatt Ogden (USA c1920-30) and copied into the book "Hiatt-Hiett Genealogy and Family History" by William Perry Johnson c1951, held In the Public Library, Denver, Colorado...

Hyatt coat of arms
"Do (work) and hope"

Next to finding my ancestors, the origin of the Hyatt name had always held my interest, and for many months past I had given this subject my undivided attention. In the very outset I was thrown into confusion by the multiplicity of Hyatt family traditions. One branch reasoned that we were descended from the Irish Quakers, I would find the name in close proximity to the O's and Mac's.

Another claimed just as stourly that we were of Welsh families and therefore I must go to Pembroke, Carmathen and Glamorganshires for the original name. A third insisted that our American ancestors came to America from Holland, therefore the name was Dutch. A genealogist in the family remarked that it was singular that searchers went everywhere except to England and that that country fairly bristled with the name. I decided to take up each separately, follow it as far as I could and see what came of it.

I began with the Quakers, and studied them thoroughly both in America and in Ireland. I found a few of the name in and around Dublin but not in such numbers as to place the name prominently in the list of Irish nomenclature. Next came the Welsh, and after careful investigation I found almost nothing outside the three counties before mentioned, and later I found that these counties were once strong Norman strongholds.

In Holland I trailed the Hayts, Heydts, etc. but not a single reference to the two-syllabled name of the large family we know as Hyatt. I examined carefully several volumes on German names and families, which were said to contain every German names and families, which were said to contain every German name ever known but Hyatt was conspicuously absent.

England was all that was left and I should have entered that field with temerity but for confidence I placed in the judgement of the genealogist before mentioned. I might remark that I had run across Hyatt families in Virginia and a few in Maryland, who claimed French descent, and this greatly puzzled me as I could see nothing French about the name. In my research for Hyatts in England I found Gloucestershire a mine of information. I went very thoroughly over records of the County which included parish records, birth, marriages, burials, monument inscriptions will books, etc. and lastly deeds of property, governments, coat-of -arms, crests etc. I found the name everywhere in all its forms - Hiet, Hiatt, Hyatt, Hiett, etc, extending back to a period not far from the Norman Conquest, and I noticed how closely they had been associated with the leaders of the invasion, had fought with them, helped to build and defend their castles and strongholds etc., and I began to ask myself how this could have been if they were of native English origin. My investigations in Gloucestershire led me into the adjoining county of Hereford as they were almost one. There I found Hyets, Hiattes, as Constables of St. Bilarfell's Castle, built by, or given to William Fitz-Osbern 'the ablest soldier that had fought at Senlac, the last battle of the Conqueror, who was rewarded with the Earldom of Hereford' (1067) (Edwards' Wales page 490. This is not a mere title, but meant that the government of one or more shires which he was to protect and defend, and this castle was in the fort built for the defence of his earldom from the aggressions of the Welsh, and the Hiatts were its custodians and warriors. They were also Lords Wardens of the Forest of Deane which John Leland describes as follows: .."There hath been a very greate campe of Menne of Warre on an Hille now cauled Nebly, overgrown with Wosse about the mydle way betwixt Wottonunderedge and Dersley but nerer to Wottunderedge. The Lord Lisle was slayn with an arow by one James Hiatte, of the Forest of Deane, in Nebley Paroch".. (Propr to 1309) Bristol and Glouc. Arch. Soc. XIV 259). What had been a suspicion had now become almost a conclusion - that the Hyatts were of Norman origin.

Reasoning that if there were Hyatts in Western and central England, there must be some representatives in Eastern England also, I went from Herefordshire and Gloucestershire to Oxfordshire where I found the name as far back as 1568 in Oxford, Chipping, Norton, Wotten Pyrton etc. Early in my researches I had on my list as a desirable book to investigate Cusan's History of Herefordshire and I decided now was the time to examine it. In the index Vol. 2 was the name 'Aiete'. I felt instinctively that I had discovered the goal for which I had been seeking - the original name of the Hyatts, but I had yet to prove it to myself. I could clearly see that the name was of Norman origin and could account for the loss of the "H" see but felt anxious as to whether I could corroborate my Hypothesis. Accidentally I came upon a volume entitled, The Norman people. In this was a "list of Norman names taken from the London Directory". Turning to page 292 I found Hyett and Hyatt. Now sure enough there was the real name in a list of Norman names taken form the London Directory. What better proof did I need? And yet I picked up Narber's British family names., and read Hyatt - from 'Ayott', a local name in Herts. Flemish 'Hyart' a proper name. (page 173). Later I found the name Hyart in what was formerly Flanders, and still further on in what was at the time Normandy, 'Des Hayettes'. Now remember the 'H' in the French language is always silent and was not even used in writing by early Norman families in England, but with the proclivity of the English to put an 'H' where it did not belong, it was easy to see how this letter was restored in due course of time and the name 'aiete' (ai pronounced I as in aigrette and aisle) became Hyett the universally English spelling and later on Hyatt and Hiatt and as unlimited number of variations.

The earliest spelling of the name with a 'H' in England as far as my researches here have gone was in 1552, when --- Hiett, daughter of --- Hiett, born about 1552, marries (first wife) William Rumney, of Sickley Worcertershire, England died about 1632, eat. 80 (Visitation of Worcertershire, 1682. p. 81); and again when James Hyett was licensed to wed Margaret Norkett (now Norcutt) December 6, 1580, in Berkhampstead, Herts' right in the locality of the ide Aiette.'

The original spelling of the name as I have shown, up to the Norman Conquest and for 300 years later, was 'Aiete', but the spelling of names then depended entirely upon the education and inclination of whoever wielded the pen, and we find it spelled Aiete, Ayette, Ayot, Ayotte, Ayoye, Eyete, Aihate, etc. So it is not surprising to find as many variations after the 'H' was restored.


2. Origin of the Hyatt name, as compiled by Galen Hiett Swimley (USA 1880-1953)...

Hyatt coat of arms
"Do (work) and hope"

The early Hyatts, etc., were most numerous in the region of the Forest of Dean, in Gloucestershire. This Forest, from before the memory of man, was a royal park or hunting ground, divided into enclosures called 'hyes', the entrance to each being called a 'yatt' -- the Gloucestershire dialect.

I suggest that the name Hyatt (apparently the older spelling) was given the founder of the family from his being appointed 'Warden of the Yatt' -- stationed at the Hye Yatt to guard against poachers and trespassers, etc.' (Sir Francis Adams Hyett, Paineswick House, Stroud, England -- 1927.)

According to my information, the ancestor .... was Roger (de) Ayeatt, one of William the Conqueror's henchmen (1066), who settled in England after crossing the English Channel ...' (from Normandy). (Chauncey A. Hyatt, 5555 Sheridan Road, Chicago, Illinois- 1930.)

The letter 'H' being silent in most French dialects, 'Ayeatt' may be a Norman French misspelling of the Saxon 'Hye Yatt'. Thus 'Roger (de) Ayeatt' would be equivalent to 'Roger of the Hye Yatt'.

There is a possibility that the original Norman name may have been 'D' 'Urberville', as the Hyatt-Hiatt coat-of-arms bear the rampant lion of D'Urberville (the 'Lion of England'- which can be borne only by those of royal descent or with the king's permission), to which is added the saw-tooth design (fesse indented) of the D' Abignys, two apparently connected families. (See 'D' Aubigny Turberville' in Ency. Biog.).

Moreover, it is suggestive that the Crest of Hyett of Painswick is a castle. (See Tess of the D'Urbervilles, by Thos. Hardy: ' --- a ramping lion, and over it a castle', as the D'Urberville Arms.) If this be correct. He would receive a 'place-name' -- Roger (D'Urberville) de Ayeatt -- to distinguish him from D'Urbervilles of London or some other place, later becoming 'Hyatt', just as Hertburn de Wessyngton (a place-name) became Washington.

1327 - John atte Hagheyate, co. Soms., I Edward III: Kirby's Quest for Somerset, in which is contained the Exchequer Lay Subsidy for I Edward III.
(Somerset Record Society -- 1889. Edited by F.H. Dickinson, F. S. A.)
1583 - Thomas Hiegat, Co. Middlesex. Reg. Univ. Oxf. Vol. Ii
(Register of the University of Oxford Volume I and II- parts I-ii-iii-iv. Edited by A. Clark - 1887-89.)
1590 - Richard Seyman - Elizabeth Hyegate: marriage Lic. (London) i-189.
(1520-1828 - Allegations for Marriage Licenses issued by the Bishop of London. Edited by Geo. J. Armygate.)
1608 - Buried-Elizabeth Hyeat, servant to Mr. Moore: St. Dionis Backchurch, p. 210.
(Pub. Of the Harleian Soc. - St. Dionis Backchurch, London (1538-1754). Edited by J. Lemuel Chester.)
1630 - (buried?) - a child of John Hiyates: St. Antholin (London), p. 64.
(Pub. of the Harlein Soc. - St. Antholin, Budge Row (1538-1754));
(also St. Antholin, Watling Street, edited by J. Lemuel Chester and Geo. J. Armytage.)
1651-2 - Married-William Hyott and Anne Hatchman : St. Dionis Backchurch, p. 28.
1718 - Married - John Hiott and Isabella Barnes: St . Peter, Cornhill, ii. 72. (Pub. of the Harlein Soc. - St. Peter, Cornhill.
(1538-1774 - 2 vols.). Edited by G. W. G. Leveson Gower.)
1751 - Married-Edwards Hyatt and Martha Fuller: St. Michael, Cornhill, ii. 72. (Pub. of the Harlein Soc.-St. Peter, Cornhill.
(1546-1754). Edited by J. Lemuel Chester.)
In the same register spelt Hyatt in 1652 and Hyet in 1653. London, MDB (Co. Glou.). Maryport (Co. Cumb.) (Highett) 1; (Co. Oxford).
(MDB-refers to Modern Domeday Book. 1873.).

The foregoing accounts of the origin of the name Hiatt, though differing slightly, agree on most points. There can be no doubt but what out Hiatt ancestors have resided in England from the time of William the Conqueror down to the 17th and 18th centuries when they came to America. It is highly probable that the original home of the family was in Normandy. Since the English lineage of John Hiett, Quaker, from England to Pennsylvania 1699, has not been traced, further data on English Hiatts will be omitted from this volume. Since our John Hiett has no proven claim to any of the English coats-of-arms, they, too, shall be shown for illustration only.


3. Origin of the name, various edited extracts from "Hiatt-Hiett Genealogy and Family History" by William Perry Johnson (USA 1879-1964), held In the Public Library, Denver, Colorado. First published and distributed by the Jesse Hiatt family association in 1951...

Hyatt coat of arms
"Do (work) and hope"

From the beginning, libraries were searched for HIATT data. In my quest for genealogical data I visited some of the largest libraries in the United States, including those in Indianapolis, Indiana; Chicago, Illinois; Detroit, Michigan; :Cincinnati, Ohio; Louisville, Kentucky; Topeka, Kansas; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; New York, New York; Washington, D.C.; Baltimore, Maryland,; Richmond, Virginia; Raleigh, North Carolina; Jacksonville, Florida; Salt Lake City, Utah; Los Angeles, California.

Among the Hiatts and Hiatt descendants recorded are many whose lives are known to have been especially interesting, outstand ing or unusual. Stories of colonial and pioneer life. There are tales of Indian massacres, the Revolutionary and Civil Wars, pioneering experiences in many of the states, ect. One descendant was a marker for George Washington at the time he was a surveyor in Fredrick Co., Va., and owned land surveyed by him. Another was a guide for Gen. Nathaniel Greene at the time of the Battle of Guilford courthouse –1781. Three became members of the congress of the United States a century and a half ago. One was with Lee at the time his surrender. Another marched with Sherman “ to the sea”. One was in attendance at Ford’s theatre in Washington D. C., the night president Abraham Lincoln was assassinated. Another married a descendant of Pocahontas. An early settler in Iowa was the originator of the Delicious Apple. Three or four have been honored in Who’s Who. And so on and on. (The Hiatt - Hiett family presents a good cross-section of stalwart American citizenry, of the kind that has been for generations –and will continue to be – the backbone of this great land of ours.)

THE family of Hiatt (many and varied spellings) was well established in America by 1790, according to the first Federal census taken in that year. 1790-when the three largest cities in the United States were :

New York City, with a population of 33,131;
Philadelphia, with a population of 28,522;
Boston, with a population of 18,320.

Census records show that in 1790 there were over 100 Heads of Families, with the average size of a Hiatt family being 5.9. There were over 500 other members, making a grand total of between 600 to 700 Hiatts in America in 1790, including men, women, and children. The total population of the United States in 1790, excluding slaves, was 5,231,533., or about 540,000 Heads of Families. Thus, approximately one family in every 500 was a Hiatt family. However, during the War of 1812, when the British burned the national capitol, the 1790 census records for Delaware, Georgia, Kentucky, New Jersey, and Tennessee, and Virginia were destroyed. A "1790 Census' has since been compiled for Virginia from 1782-87 Tax Lists (if extant) for Georgia, New Jersey, and Tennessee have not been searched for Hiatts, but there may have been a few of the name there at that time. The 1790 census lists 17 different spellings, as follows: Hyatt, Hiat, Hiatt, Hiet, Hiett, Highat, Highet, Hiot, Hiott, Huyet, Hyat, Hyet, Hyett, Hyette, Hyetts, Hyot, and Hyott. 12 families are listed for Connecticut, 3 in Delaware, 3 in Kentucky, 10 in Maryland, 28 in New York, 32 in North Carolina, 4 in Pennsylvania, 7 in South Carolina, and 12 in Virginia. It is interesting to note that there was not even one Hiatt in any of the following New England States in 1790: Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont.

As the foregoing data shows, there were at least 112 Hiatt families in the United States in 1790, scattered over 9 of the 17 states then existing. The Hiatts can be divided, rougly, into four large groups:

1. Descendants of Thomas Hyatt , England to America 1629-39, who settled first at Dorchester, Massachusetts, and later at Stamford, Connecticut, and are, for the most part, those Hiatts living 1790 in New York and Connecticut.
2. Descendants of Charles Hyatt of Maryland, who settled there the latter half of the 17th century, and who are the Hiatts of Maryland and Pennsylvania in 1790.
3. Descendants of John Hiett, Quaker, England to Pennsylvania 1699, who are found in 1790 in Virginia and North Carolina.
4. Descendants of others of the name who settled in the American colonies at various times and places.

The descendants of John Hiet, Quaker, comprised approximately one fourth of all the Hiatts in America in 1790. Today, however, it is estimated that one Hiatt (or Hiett) out of every two descends from John Hiett, Quaker. There are today in the United States 18 hamlets, villages, towns, and cities named after the Hiatt or Hyatt (various spellings) family: (Those marked with an asterisk (*) are named for descendants of John Hiett, Quaker - editor.)

Alabama, Hyatt, Marshall County, mail Horton, population: 45.
Indiana, Hyatt, Daviess County, mail Washington, population: 10.
* Iowa, Hiattsville, Appanoose County, mail Moravia, population: 2.
* Kansas, Hiatt, Leavenworth County, mail Leavenworth. Hiattville, Bourbon County, population: 75.
Kentucky, Hiatt, Rockcastle County, mail Brodhead, population:24. Hyattsville, Garrard County, mail Lancaster, population:20.
Louisiana, Hyatt, Beauregard County, mail Fields.
Maryland, Huyett, Washington County, mail Hagerstown, population: 100. Hyattstown, Montgomery County, population: 103. Hyattsville, Prince Georges County, population: 6,575.
New York, Hyatt, St. Lawrence County, mail Gouvenuer.
* Ohio, Hiett, Brown County, mail Ripley. Hyatts (Hyattville), Delaware County, mail Powell, population: 200.
South Carolina, Hyatts, Richland County, mail Columbia, population:220.
Tennessee, Hyatt, Polk County, mail Copperhill, population: 20.
Texas, Hyatt, Tyler County, mail Warren, population :50.
Wyoming, Hyattville, Big Horn County, population:120.

By 1800 the descendants of John Hiett, Quaker, who had settled 1699 in Pennsylvania, were living in Virginia and North Carolina and were one of the largest of American Quaker families. Soon after 1800 most of them removed to Ohio and Indiana, and today are found in nearly all of the forty-eight states. From six members in 1830 the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints has grown to a membership of more than a million. There are now more than one thousand present-day (1950's) descendants of John Hiett, Quaker, members of this denomination.

The foregoing accounts of the origin of the name Hiatt, though differing slightly, agree on most points. There can be no doubt but what out Hiatt ancestors have resided in England from the time of William the Conqueror down to the 17th and 18th centuries when they came to America. It is highly probable that the original home of the family was in Normandy. Since the English lineage of John Hiett, Quaker, from England to Pennsylvania 1699, has not been traced, further data on English Hiatts will be omitted from this volume. Since our John Hiett has no proven claim to any of the English coats-of-arms, they, too, shall be shown for illustration only.

The following are the research results (c1950) of Miss Isabel Grubb, of Seskin, Carrick on Suir, Co. Tipperary, Ireland:

Rachel Hiett of Dublin daughter of Mathew and Margar et Hiett from London married Samuel Fuller in Dublin 1705-4-26 (4th mo-June)
Joseph Hiett son of Matthew and Margaret married Jane Royce from Kilmore, Co. Armagh, in Dublin 1713-3-26 (3rd mo-may)
Thomas Hiett (parents unknown) married Elizabeth Miller at Timahoe 1725-2mo (April)
Jane Hiett widow of Joseph married Robert Scott of Dublin 1726-3 (May)-17
James Hiett Dublin sons of Joseph married Elizabeth Chaunders of Cloncourse at Monadrehid 1733-7 (Sept)-27
George born 1714-1(March)-27 son of Joseph and Jane
James born 1715-11 (Jan 1716)-26 son of Joseph and Jane
Matthew? 1707 husband of Margaret buried 1701-9 (Nov)-20
George died 1716-6 (Aug)-20 son of Joseph and Jane
Joseph died 1724-5 (July)-27 husband of Jane

There appears to be no connection between the Hietts of Dublin, Ireland, and our John Hiett, immigrant to Pennsylvania c1699. The only clue we have as to the English home of our earliest known ancestor, the immigrant John Hiett, is found in Joseph Besse's A Collection of the Sufferings of the People Called Quakers. These records mention a John Hyott, of Shipton-Mallett, who was taken prisoner in Somersetshire in 1683, at a time when the Quakers were most severely persecuted for their religious beliefs. No further record of this John Hyott has been found; the Quaker records of Somersetshire contain no mention of the name Hiatt in any of its birth, marriage, or death records. It is possible that this John Hyott of Shipton-Mallett is identical with our John Hiett who appears in Pennsylvania around 1699. (This was suggested by Gilbert Cope, 1840-1928, the noted Quaker Historian and Genealogist of Pennsylvania.) There are, among the Quaker Hiatts, traditions that their ancestors came from England, Ireland, Wales, Scotland, Holland, France, and Germany. However, all evidence found to date points to England as the ancestral home of the Hiatts. The varying traditions can be accounted for by the fact that later generations of the family in America have intermarried with families who trace their lineage to the other European countries. By far the most universal tradition to be found among the Quaker Hiatts is one something like this: "Our ancestors were Quakers who came from England to Pennsylvania with William Penn." Some even make mention of John Hiatt as the immigrant ancestor. Following are some of the outstanding traditions:

It has been a tradition handed down through the more than two hundred years of our family history that my great-great-grandfather, Christopher Hiatt, Sr., was a son of one of three Hiatts who came over with William Penn. (William Edwin Hiatt) has been a tradition with our people that the father of William (Hiatt) was John, the emigrant was the idea that they first came with William Penn... (Edna G. Bender)
My dear late Father, Elijah Coffin, had left in a book of North Carolina Families he had carefully compiled, a record that John Hiatt was father of George Hiatt who married Martha Wakefield... (Mary Coffin Johnson)
Her (Mary Coffin Johnson's) mother was Naomi Hiatt who married Elijah Coffin, a banker, born Guilford (Co.), North Carolina. Searched the records at Guilford in 1860. Mary Coffin Johnson says our Hiatt ancestor was John, who came with William Penn. Elijah Coffin says John van Hiatt is said to have come from England in 1690, with William Penn. I do not believe there was ever a van to our name. (Effie Hiatt van Tuyl)
He (Curtis Hiatt) tells me his grandfather (meaning immigrant ancestor, who was actually his great-great-great-grandfather -- although this refers to his great-great-great-grandfather, George Hiatt, who was a son of the immigrant John Hiatt - ed.) came from England; that he had two brothers, John and William, and when they came to America his grandfather settled in Virginia while one brother went to the eastern States and ours went to North Carolina. This Curtis Hiatt was 85 years old on April 25th 1900. (Mrs. W. C. Applegate)
My father, Joseph Hiatt, handed down to me that we were descendants of three brothers Hiatt that came from England with William Penn account of religious oppression, they being Quakers, as are all the Hiatts I have known. (William Temple Hiatt)
The sire of your great-grandfather, and of mine... was in English Quaker, (John), with his brother Jesse, came to America with William Penn, on Penn's second voyage, and assisted in the measurement of a second purchase of land which Penn made of the aborigines. (James M. Hiatt)
I once noted in a work in the Boston Public Library a statement as to the Hiatt family as having once been numerous in certain counties in England. My understanding is that they became Friends or Quakers in Fox's time and came over to Pennsylvania with Penn, or shortly after Penn's settlement; that in the course of years they moved from Pennsylvania by successive stages through Maryland, Virginia and into North Carolina and that after the slavery question came to be agitated most of them moved northwest to Ohio and Indiana and from there westward. (William A. Hiatt)
Going back four generations, we find John Hiatt, who was born in England, and emigrated to America, first settling in Pennsylvania. He was a member of the sect of Quakers, as have been his direct descendants.
Three Hyatt brothers came from England in colonial days. One returned to England one year later. One brother moved on inland. One lived in Guilford County, North Carolina, where my grandfather William Hyatt was born in 1775. (Mrs. O. D. Silverthorne)
My grandfather (Elias Hiatt) died in Oct. 1913. Shortly before he passed away, he told me his people came from England in time of William Penn. It seems they could not pay their debts-- many people were in the same circumstances, at that time--were thrown into prison and Penn's offer to bring them to Pa. Was a God-given opportunity, and it was gratefully accepted. (Jesse E. Hiatt)

The foregoing data come from widely scattered descendants of the three sons of John Hiett, immigrant. They speak for themselves. Other traditions will a ppear throughout the volume, as well as further comment on those given above. It is significant that of all the many and varied traditions in the Hiatt family, the one regarding John Hiatt, Quaker, from England to Pennsylvania with Penn -- in addition to being the most prevalent -- is the only one substantiated by documentary evidence. Penn's second voyage to Pennsylvania was in the fall of 1699, and our John Hiett seems to have arrived at about the same time, for it was early the following year that he purchased three hundred acres of land in Bucks Co., Pennsylvania in, for the godly sum of three hundred and fifty pounds, current silver money...

4. Origin of the Hyatt/Hoyt name, as compiled by David Webster Hoyt (USA 1833-1921)...

Hyatt coat of arms
"Do (work) and hope"

The name of Hoyt is not found in any treatise on surnames which we have consulted; consequently we are left to ascertain its signification and origin from other sources. In Webster's Unabridged Dictionary is found the following : "Hoit, V. i. [Icel. haula.l To leap ; to caper. Beaum. 8f Fl." It is undoubtedly one of those old English words which are now entirely obsolete, except as they exist in the form of surnames. The original ancestor of the Hoyt family must have been noted for his agility, and hence the name belongs to that class which had their origin in personal peculiarities. The name implies, either that the one who first bore it was accustomed to jump and move quickly, or that he excelled in leaping and feats of agility. The Hoyt family in general seem to have inherited something of the physical ability of their progenitor. Many of those bearing the name have been noted for their strength, and feats in running, wrestling, and lifting, while nearly all those of whom the author has gained any information have been strong and athletic. Some branches have been distinguished for great size and stature, as well as strength.

We have seen the name spelled in many different ways ; as, Hoyt, Hoit, Hoyle, Hoite, Hoytt, Hoitt, Hoyet, Hoyett, Hoyette, Hoyghtr, Hoight, Hight, Hite, Hyatt, Hayte, Haite, Hayt, Haight, and Hayls.. In the earlier periods of this country's history, there seemed to be no settled orthography for proper names, especially surnames, and each clerk and recorder spelt as he pleased. Sometimes individuals even wrote their own names differently at different times, and some evidently did not know the proper method of spelling them. Whether all those whose names have been spelled in either of the last eight ways above mentioned are descended from the Hoyts, we cannot say. Hight and Hayt now form two names distinct from Hoyt. All the Hight families of whom, the writer has any knowledge originated in New Hampshire and Maine, and spelled their name Hoyt, or Hoit, originally. Hight was adopted about the middle of the last century, and owes its origin to a corrupt pronunciation. It is now (1921) mostly confined to the state of Maine.

In regard to the name of Hayt, Haite, &c, we have no certain information; but from the fact that it is often written for Hoyt on the early records of Connecticut, it seems very probable that the Hayts of that State are a branch of the Hoyt race. We occasionally find Hayt for Hoyt on the early records of Amesbury, Mass. It is said that a member of the Hoit family made inquiry in England, in the early part of the present century, concerning his ancestry, and was informed that they were originally from Germany, where the name was spelled Haight, but that, when they settled in England, it was changed to Hoit. It has also been said that there were families in the state of New York who spelt the name Haight, but pronounced it like Hoit.

The manner of spelling the name in England, at the present day, is Hoyte, though we are informed that it is written Hoyt on an ancient family record of the little known Curry Rivell, Somerset, branch. The e was sometimes added on old records in this country, though it is found Hoite quite as frequently as Hoyte. The four most common ways of spelling the name in this country, at the present time, are Hoyt, Hoit, Hyatt and Hoitt. The latter originated in Northwood, N. Hampshire., near the close of the last century, and has been adopted by very few individuals except those descended from the Northwood branch. Hoit came into use in New Hampshire near the middle of the last century, and is now mostly confined to the families of that State. These two spellings are now chiefly, if not wholly, found among the descendants of John Hoyt, of Salisbury and Amesbury; but Hoyt is preferable, for the following reasons :

1. It is the manner in which it is almost always written on the ancient records of Essex and Old Norfolk Counties,
on the Amesbury and Salisbury "town records", and on the records of both the Amesbury churches, though the
records of the Salisbury churches sometimes have it Hoit after 1700.
2. The members of the family in that region have spelt their own names Hoyt, in signing deeds, &c., from the first
settlement of the country to the present time.
3. The general custom of some branches of the family in this country and in England, as well as of the majority of
the Amesbury branch, is to use y in preference to i.
4. Hoyt is a better looking word than Hoit. Although the verb appears to have been spelled hoit, yet that would not
necessarily control the orthography of the proper name derived from it.

The proper pronunciation, and that which is most common at the present time, in this country, and in England also, so far as we have ascertained, is to give the diphthong oy, or oi, its usual sound, as in boy, toy, voice. This sound of our language is, however, sometimes vulgarly contracted into the long sound of i, as in the words hoist, boil, spoil, join, point, oil, poison. In the same manner Hoit has sometimes been mispronounced, and has thus given rise to the name Hight or Hyatt.

The part of England from which the Hoyts of this country emigrated has not been ascertained. It is possible they may have come from Somersetshire as there was an ancient family bearing the name in that county. In the Supplement to Burke's Dictionary of the Landed Gentry we find : "The Rev. John-Hawkes Mules, b. in 1754, vicar of Ilminster, co. Somerset, m. in 1781, Sarah, dau. of John Hoyte, Esq." On the list of subscribers for Collinson's History of Somerset, published in 1791, are "John Hoyte, esq. William Hoyte, esq.; Curry-Rivel". The only person bearing the name in that region at the present time (1921), is Miss Katharine Hoyte,-grand-daughter of William Hoyte, -who still resides on the old homestead at Curry Rivell. In the London Directory for 1855, we find Robert Hoyte, and two persons bearing the name of William Hoyte.

Of course, there is a tradition in the Hoyt family, as in almost every other, that there were "three brothers came over from England" but there are also traditions which speak of "two brothers" and "four brothers". There is no proof, however, that any such relationship existed between the progenitors of the different families of Hoyts in this country.

Simon Hoyt was the first member of the Hoyt family who emigrated to New England. We have not been able to ascertain the time or manner of his arrival; but, in Drake's History of Boston (p. 57), we find "Simon Hoyte" on the "List of the names of such as are known to have been in Salem and about the north side of trie Massachusetts Bay, before and in the year 1629". The name of "Simon Hoytt" appears on the first list of "such as tooke the Oath of Freemen" in Massachusetts, 18 May, 1631, although it is not among "The Names of such as desire to be made Freemen" 19 Oct., 1630. We find "Symon Hoite" mentioned on the Dorchester records in 1633. On the 8th of October, in the same year, "Symon Hoyte" was chosen one of that town's committee to "see to" fences "for the East feilde". In the History of Dorchester lately published (p. 57) we find : "Simon Hoyt in Dorchester early, probably 1630. Removed to Windsor and was an Elder or Deacon there".

5. JOHN HIEGHT & MARY SMITH, Quaker Immigrants OF 1699, Ancestors of JOHN HIETT, JR.

Introduction by Michael H Charles (USA, NY, Living)...

Hyatt coat of arms
"Do (work) and hope"

The object of this article is to examine several known Hyatt families in England as possible origins for John Hyatt, Sr. 1699 Pennsylvania immigrant. In the course of research, many mentions of the Hiatt-Hiett-Hyatt name have been found from fairly early times. As I will show, the vast majority of these people were from a close geographic area in England and with the use of an ordinance survey map, even the smallest towns have been located.

One of the earliest mention of the Hyatt name comes from Winchester, England records when in the year 1388 under the reign of Richard II, a John Hyett was appointed incumbent of the bury of Lanhamlack, Breconshire, Wales. This was during the Norman Period and may well indicate that the Hyatt’s were of Norman Origin or at least had strong Norman ties.

An excellent dissertation concerning the possible Norman ties is found in the Hiatt-Hiett Genealogy and Family History by William Perry Johnson (edited extracts in the first article on this page).

The next mention found takes place on 10 March 1461 when a James Hyett was appointed Constable of St. Brival’s Castle by Edward IV. To be appointed to such a position, would indicate at least lesser nobility. St. Brival’s was a royal hunting lodge and the remains are still shown on the map in Gloucestershire near the Welsh border on the edge of the Forest of Dean. The following year James Hyett was given a manor in Staffordshire by Edward IV, probably for some service to the King or the country.

Interestingly enough, the Forest of Dean had been mentioned in many histories as the area from which John Hyatt originally came. It is this point that my investigation started. The Forest of Dean lies wholly in the County of Gloucester and encompasses 27,000 acres along the River Severn. Most of the people in this area have been foresters for many generation and reasonably prosperous.

In 1682-3, a Visitation was made to the County of Glourcester by Fenwick, an English Herald for the purpose of ascertaining the lineage's and coats of arms used by prominent families of the area. The main purpose of this procedure throughout England was for taxation. Major towns around the Forest of Dean were visited with very interesting results. At a city somewhat north of the forest, Westbury-on-Severn, the descendants of a John Hyett who died in 1642 at the age of 70 were found. The genealogy given encompassed 4 generations to a John Hiett, age approximately 26 years old at the time of the visitation in 1682-3. Searching the parish records of Westbury, we find John Hiett son of Jeremy Hiett and Ann christened 23 Jan 1649. The visitation chart shows that John was the son of Jeremiah and Ann Nash Hiett of Westbury. Going back one more generation to Jeremiah’s father who is shown by the visitation to be Jeremiah who died in 1658 at age 56 we find in the parish records a Jeremiah born in 1602. This latter Jeremiah had a brother Joseph shown in the visitation, both as sons of John Hyett of Westbury upon Severn and his wife Joyce, daughter and heir of Giles Dobbins of Manestow Co., Hereford. The parish records show a Joseph Hyet son of John Hyet christened 22 Jan 1614. John Hyett of Westbury upon Severn is listed as having died at age 70 in 1642. Parish records show a John Hyatt son of Thomas Hyett Christened at Westbury on Severn, 30 Dec. 1572. The chart shows the arm recorded to this early John Hyatt to be very similar to those used by Hiett families in this country.

They are as follows:

Arms: Argent a lion rampant sable a chief indented of the last a mullet on a crescent for difference.
Crest: A lion’s jamb sable erased gules in the paw a bombshell fired proper

As the arms were differenced by a crescent, this tells us that John was the eldest son and that Thomas Hyett must have originally been granted these arms. It is therefore likely that the grant was made during the reign of Elizabeth I, a very Protestant monarch.

The following records are found in the parish of Ministerworth, Gloucesterhire, a town less than 10 miles from Westbury on Severn and north of the Forest of Dean:

John Hyett and Mary Harris married 23 Oct. 1684
John son of John and Mary Hyett christened 17 April 1687
William son of John and Mary Hyett christened 15 Sept. 1689
Joseph son of John and Mary Hyett christened 12 April 1690
Abigale daughter of John and Mary Hyett christened 10 Jan 1691
Esther daughter of John and Mary Hyett christened 17 Jan 1694

Certainly, we can infer that this is the John Hyett listed in the visitation as he is shown as single in 1682/3. At least two of the children found, John and William are named the same as the children of our immigrant John Hyett and his wife’s first name Mary is the same. It is also believed that some of John’s children were born in England well before he emigrated.

All the information here should only be used as a guideline and must not be relied on as primary evidence.

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